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Getting to Know Rhythmic Instruments

20 Contoh Alat Musik Ritmis dan Fungsinya (Penjelasan Lengkap)

Getting to Know Rhythmic Instruments -Music is one of the most popular means of entertainment. Not only as mere entertainment, some people also use music as a means of relaxation or ritual. Based on their function, musical instruments are divided into three, namely melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic.

Rhythmic musical instruments are musical instruments that are used to adjust the tempo of the song or are only played as rhythm accompaniment. Generally, this instrument is played by hitting it. Even so, there are some rhythmic musical instruments that are played by swiping or shaking.

In contrast to several types of musical instruments such as piano, guitar, and flute. Rhythmic instruments cannot produce certain notes. However, rhythmic instruments have an important role in a song because they can create harmony, both when combined with other instruments or alone.

Functions of Rhythmic Instruments

The following are the functions and types of rhythmic musical instruments. Rhythmic musical instruments have various functions, such as making a song more lively and beautiful to hear.

In addition, rhythmic musical instruments are also often used to adjust the tempo of a song. It can be said that rhythmic musical instruments are complementary to other instruments.

More specifically, the functions of rhythmic musical instruments are as follows:

  • Coreografi

As is well known, the function of the most common rhythmic instrument is as an accompaniment to the song.

Usually, before the dance is accompanied by pitched music, it will first be accompanied by rhythmic musical instruments. surely this is to be set tempo as a sign from one movement to another.

  • Harmonization

One of the functions of rhythmic musical instruments that is no less important is as harmonization with other musical instruments.

Usually, in an orchestral musical performance, rhythmic musical instruments are needed to combine various musical elements in it. Therefore, rhythmic musical instruments have an important role in this musical performance.

  • Setting Tempo

A Harmonious song is usually performed at the right tempo. Rhythmic musical instruments as tempo controllers have an important role in the process of creating songs and when playing them.

Types of Rhythmic Instruments

As is well known, rhythmic musical instruments are musical instruments that are used as rhythm accompaniment. Generally, rhythmic musical instruments are played by hitting or rubbing.

Some Examples of Rhythmic Instruments

  • Kendang

Kendang is one type of rhythmic musical instrument that is popular in Indonesia. This musical instrument which is played by hitting it is usually played as a complement to accompany gamelan music.

Some performances that use this type of musical instrument such as wayang shows, jaipong dances, or campur sari.

  • Rebana

Rebana is a type of rhythmic musical instrument made of leather and wood in the form of a flat round tube. Usually, Rebana are used in Islamic-breathing activities or sholawat which are influenced by Middle Eastern culture.

Over time, many musical groups or musicians have been found that combine Rebana with elements of modern musical instruments.

  • Tambourine

One type of rhythmic musical instrument that produces two sounds at once is the tambourine. This traditional musical instrument has a rattling sound that comes from the impact of metal on the sides.

Meanwhile, the second sound is a wasp sound coming from the membrane.

  • Drum

One type of rhythmic musical instrument that is currently being favored by young people is the drum. This type of musical instrument made of leather or plastic is usually played by hitting it with a special bat or stick.

Generally, drums are used to accompany jazz, pop, and rock music performances.

  • Chestnut

The next type of rhythmic musical instrument is the castanet. This musical instrument that has a shell-like shape with a unique color, is usually played with only two or three fingers.

So, this type of rhythmic instrument is very easy to play.

Modern Musical Instruments in The World

Kinds Of Modern Musical Instruments In The World – Types Of Musical  Instruments

13 Types of Modern Musical Instruments  – The entertainment world already has various types, some use animals as performances, perform magic, perform concerts or sing in front of many people.

And of course performing in front of many people is a great pleasure and pleasure for some people, feels adored, exalted, and even has many fans.

Being famous for doing a show like entertaining is indeed very promising, especially now if you are a person who really has talent from a young age it has become a very strong provision.

If you have a physique that is liked by many people, this can be used as a benefit for yourself.

For those of you who are starting to have an interest in the art of music, the first thing that can be learned is by knowing various kinds of musical instruments, both traditional and modern musical instruments.

Various Modern Musical Instruments in the World

  • Violin

The first types of modern musical instruments are the violin. This instrument that comes from Central Asia has the same shape as a guitar, but how to play it is to be swiped using a long wood with strings.

  • Cello

The next modern musical instrument is the cello. Usually, this cello can be found and played along with the violin. This one musical instrument is similar to the guitar and violin. How to play it is by swiping.

  • Electric guitar

The next modern musical instrument is the electric guitar. This electric guitar is basically the same as a guitar in general, but the sound is clearer because of the electric current.

  • Drum

The next kind of modern musical instrument is the drum. This musical instrument which is famous for its rock genre actually comes from China. Drums basically consist of an arrangement of percussion instruments that are beaten to produce various loud sounds.

  • Harp

The next modern musical instrument is the harp. The harp is a type of plucked musical instrument. This beautiful musical instrument has its origins in Egypt.

To play it, you need to be careful because its large size and height sometimes make it easier for players to get tired.

  • Harmonica

The fifth type of modern musical instrument is the harp. This modern musical instrument is long in shape with various holes that can be blown to produce notes on one side.

Originating from China, this unique musical instrument is categorized as an aerophone musical instrument.

Various Modern Musical Instruments in the World

  • Keyboard

The next kind of modern musical instrument is the keyboard. This musical instrument has a distinctive sound and tone in the ear so that it can make the brain more relaxed and calm.

This instrument is played by pressing the keys. Several ensemble music can be produced from a keyboard.

  • Piano

Unlike the keyboard, the piano cannot produce a variety of sounds such as trumpets, guitars, drums, and so on. So the piano cannot produce a musical ensemble like a keyboard.

But like the keyboard, the piano can produce soft and pleasant music.

  • Trumpet

This type of music which is categorized as an aerophone is played by blowing. This musical instrument has several buttons that will produce different tones from one another.

Trumpet is one of a series of musical instruments that is often used in musical performances with jazz or pop genres.

  • Saxophone

This instrument is similar to a trumpet, but there are places that direct the sound upwards. The saxophone is made of metal so lifting this instrument requires a large amount of energy.

However, the sound of the saxophone is basically no less beautiful than other musical instruments. The saxophone is often used as a series of jazz music.

  • Tambourine

The tambourine is a type of modern musical instrument that is played by shaking it. Consisting of several metal pieces, this unique musical instrument produces a rattling sound that adds to the variety of songs that come alive.

  • zither

One more musical instrument originating from Asia, to be exact in southern Asia. This musical instrument called the sitar has a shape that is almost the same as the guitar.

So how to play it is also enough to pick the strings that are in front of him. The sound of this sitar sounds like music from the Middle East.

  • Ukulele

This musical instrument comes from Hawaii. It has the same shape as the guitar, but the ukulele is actually smaller.

The resulting sound and tone seem lighter on the ear. How to play it is the same as the guitar, which is plucked.

How to Listen to Music for Babies in the Right Pregnancy

How to Listen to Music for Babies in the Right Pregnancy – Knowledge is growing and there are many good things that can be done to care for babies in the womb that can be done for their growth and development.

Maternal activities during pregnancy play an important role in the baby in the womb. A healthy mother will produce a healthy baby. Vice versa. Therefore, having a good routine such as yoga, getting enough sleep, and consuming highly nutritious foods will contribute to the birth of the baby.

One of the exciting activities for modern parents is listening to music for their unborn baby. 

A Baby Can Hear Sounds in The Womb

Babies actually learn in the womb, according to a 2013 study. But researchers were quick to point out that “learning” really means babies develop a familiarity with something.

But some professionals warn that parents don’t have to buy too many learning CDs to teach their child different languages ​​in the womb.

Researchers say most brain development occurs outside the womb, after the baby is born. This means that parents can save serious lessons for later.

Effects of Music on Babies in the womb

In the third trimester, the baby must have been able to hear the music being played. Classical music, soft sounds like lullabies, good melodies that inspire happiness, all designed to soothe.

Around 16-18 weeks of pregnancy, your little one hears her first sound. At 24 weeks, tiny ears begin to develop rapidly and the baby has been shown to turn in response to sounds and noise in the last few months of pregnancy, the unborn baby being able to recognize his mother’s voice, mother tongue, word patterns and poetry.

Listening to Music for Babies in the womb

Although it is good to get the baby in the womb to listen to something. But parents need to know how to listen to music for babies in the womb that is good and right.

Your little friend listens to your voice long before they meet. 

Music that is suitable for listening to babies in the womb

Is there any particular music that is better for babies? Doctors say simple songs are best, but almost anything you enjoy is fine. The key is because you like it.

If you’re stumped for good songs, there are a number of playlists on music websites that people have curated just for pregnancy. Some focus on music for meditation, some focus on positive pop music. The options are endless.

Turn down the volume

It is important to remember that the uterus is a noisy place. Your stomach is pounding, your heart is pounding, your lungs are filling with air. In addition, your voice is whole by the vibration of the bones as the sound propagates through the body.

While pregnant, the mother should try to keep the volume outside at around 50 to 60 decibels, or about the same as her normal conversation. That means the mother definitely does not want to use headphones on the stomach.

Healthline says that the sound from the earphones will be very loud when it reaches the baby in the tummy, which is something to avoid.

You can go to concerts when you’re pregnant or sit in a loud movie theater. But regular exposure to high volume sound is something almost all professionals are wary of. very loud concert after 18 weeks.

That’s about an article about music that can actually be used in all aspects.

Where one of them is music can be used properly for babies who are still in the womb.

The Function of Music Than to Make Calm

The role of music in learning activities

Not a few people who like to study while listening to music, watching television or listening to the radio. But not a few people who do these activities at once, but actually learning while listening to music is right or wrong, there are still many who do not know clearly.

There are some people who think that music is one of the right tools when learning because it can change the learning atmosphere to be not boring, while others think that music is not the right tool because it can interfere with learning concentration so that the teaching and learning process is not optimal.

Dr. Emma Gray, a clinical psychologist, argues that besides being used for entertainment, listening to music can also increase the effectiveness of children’s learning when listening to it while learning. Reading books while listening to music is one of the multitasking activities.

By doing two different activities at the same time, train your brain to concentrate on things that have different focuses. Dr. Emma has conducted research on students who listen to music while studying with Spotify, a digital music services company.

Jim Taylor also argues that listening to instrumental music uses a different part of the brain to the part of the brain that is used when reading a book. So, the activity of reading books while studying while listening to music will not interfere with concentration when the learning process and listening to music are done simultaneously.

But adjust and choose the type of music you listen to, such as instrumental music. So that your understanding of the reading material is not disturbed by listening to music.

The role of music in learning activities

A child who has the ability to process factual information and solve a problem tends to use the left side of the brain. Music that is suitable for the child is soft music with a rhythm of 50-80 beats per minute.

The music will help the child to calm his brain so that the child can think more logically. A child who has the ability to process original and creative thoughts tends to use the right side of the brain.

Music that is suitable for the child is soft music with a rhythm of 60-70 beats per minute. The music will help the child to study longer and absorb more information. Besides having a positive impact, listening to music while studying also has a negative impact.

This is evidenced by recent research which shows that the habits of students who like to listen to music while studying have a bad impact or even bad for the brain.

Why is studying while listening to music bad for the brain? One reason is that background music can affect the brain’s ability to perform memory-related tasks. Music will affect concentration, so when we study while listening to music our brains will work double and concentration will be split.

Poor memory while listening to music and experiencing random data due to variations in the acoustic environment can impair the ability to remember and concentrate on a single problem. So when the brain works in a double manner, the result of remembering the data sequence and repetition becomes irregular.

However, a research conducted by the University of Wales on the influence of music in learning activities shows that the adverse effects of listening to music while studying occur when listening to lyrical music. This happens because listening to lyrical music causes your understanding while studying the reading material to be disturbed by listening and interpreting song lyrics.

That way, you can still enjoy music while you’re studying, but choose instrumental music instead of lyrical music.

Genre of Music in The World

Types of Musical Genres – Currently, music is a symbol of human mood, when you are confused, you listen to sad music, while when you are happy, listen to music that is in your heart. Slot Deposit Dana

In everyday life, music is a very difficult part to separate from human beings. When you wake up, sometimes in the bathroom, at work, when your boyfriend breaks up with you, even your cellphone ringtones also use music. Music is really a part of us.

In music there are many genres of music that we must recognize, it can be seen from the characteristics of each genre.

Definition of Music


Understanding the art of music according to Jamalus, the art of music is considered as something that produces a work of art, which in this case is in the form of sound which is a composition in the form of a song, an outpouring of thoughts and feelings of the maker by combining the main elements of music, rhythmic tones, harmony, melody. , and the form or arrangement of songs, expressions and feelings as a unified whole. Slot Depo Dana

Music is a very interesting thing to learn even to hear in everyday life. Listening to music makes life more colorful. Well, do you know it or not, you guys, in music there are classifications based on the characteristics inherent in the music, usually called music genres.

Definition of Music Genre

Music genre is defined as the classification of music based on its resemblance to one another. This classification can also be adjusted according to other criteria, such as geographic similarity.

Music technique, context, style, and theme of music can be a reference for definition in a musical genre. Basically, music genres cannot be clearly defined, because when the genre is defined by someone, then that person defines it without looking at aspects from the other side. Slot777 Depo Dana

In fact, sometimes in a song there are 2 genres in it, but it is only defined as one genre.

Types of Music Genres

After understanding the meaning of musical genres, we will then understand the various musical genres and the history of these genres, namely:

1. Classical Music Genre

This music genre is defined as a type of intellectual and beautiful music, which can be enjoyed by almost all ages. Originally from Europe from 1750 to 1825.

Usually in classical music there is a division based on a certain period.

More precisely, there is a division into three eras, namely Medieval and Renaissance, Classical and Romantic Baroque, and Modern and Contemporary. 

Of the four musicians mentioned above, the most famous and popular is Johann Pachelbell. Maybe his name is quite foreign to our ears, but his work entitled “Canon in D” maybe some are familiar with the song.

This classical music is an inspiration for music and musicians who are emerging today. Classical music is a calming music, the calmness brought in this genre brings many benefits to humans.

According to research, classical music has many benefits, one of which is minimizing hypertension and calming emotions.

2. Jazz Music Genre

Jazz music genre is considered as a type of music that emerged because of the merger of other music genres, namely blues, ragtime, and European music, including band music.

Given the definition of music genre, basically there are several genres of music in a song which eventually becomes a genre. There are several sub-genres within the jazz music genre, including dixieland, bebop, cool jazz, swing, hard bop, free jazz, jazz fusion, cafjazz, and smooth jazz.

Musical instruments commonly used in this genre of music are the trombone, trumpet, piano, saxophone and guitar. Sometimes not everyone can enjoy this genre of jazz music. In the use of tones, the tones of this genre are truly unique and have a characteristic in their musical playing.

3. Blues Music

The blues music genre is a genre originating from the United States, both vocal and instrumental music. Emerged from praise and spiritual music, which originally emerged from the former African slave community in the United States.

Martin Scorsese Presents The Blues: A Musical Journey by Peter Guralnick which contains documentation of the celebration of blues music.

4. Country Music Genre

Country music genre, is a genre of mixed elements of American music, which is a combination of the Appalachian Mountains and the southern United States. This music has a cheerful tone and a relaxed and light demeanor.

This country music originally came from North American folk songs, gospel music, Celtic music, and this developed since the 1920s. In the 1940s the term began to be used for country music, this term replaced the term hillbilly music which in its sense seemed derogatory.

5. Techno Music Genre

This music genre is a music genre whose music flow usually uses a futuristic theme. nightclubs usually use these genres of music and usually the music is played by a DJ (disk jockey).

Using digital musical instruments such as DJ Maker which is always used to remix existing music into music that has a futuristic theme. Because it uses digital musical instruments, this genre of music cannot be played by traditional musical instruments, such as guitar, sasando or drum.

The music group that uses this music genre is Daft Punk.

6. Reggae Music Genre

Reggae music is a genre of music that was originally developed in Jamaica, around the end of the 1960s. Usually this name is used more broadly to name all types of music that exist in Jamaica.

This reggae music is based on accents on syncopation or off-beat for a characteristic rhythmic style of music, this is called skank. The tempo of reggae music is usually slower. The band that usually uses the reggae genre is Steven and Coconut Treez.

7. R&B Music

In the R&B music genre, it is gaining popularity because this music combines itself from several other music genres, such as jazz, blues and gospel genres. Initially introduced by musicians who came from African-American.

Well, R&B music stands for Rhythm and Blues. Artists who use the R & B music genre are Justin Timberlake. Here, the song with R&B music that the writer listens to more often nowadays, is At My Worst by Pink Sweats.

8. Genre of Rap

Rap music is one of the elements of hip-hop music. If you usually listen to this genre, usually the vocal technique used is to say fast words. Singers of this genre are known as rappers.

The rap is usually accompanied by music by a band or DJ. This rapper is also included in the usual singers who sing solo, the rappers are Xzibit and Jay-z. In addition, there are rappers who are members of a band, for example, Linkin Park. 

9. Death Metal Musical Genre

Death metal music, this genre is a subgenre of heavy metal music that originally developed from trash metal in the early 1980s. The distinctive feature of this music genre is the lyrics, which are generally themed on death or violence. The band that uses the death metal music genre is The Berzerker.

10. Dangdut Music Genre

When you hear the term “dangdut” you must be very familiar with this one genre of music. Dangdut is one of the most popular music genres in Indonesia. The hallmark of this music is the game of drums or tabla instruments.

If you listen to this genre of music, you must be familiar with Bollywood music, because basically dangdut music is influenced by Classical Indian music and Bollywood.

In addition, when viewed from the elements of the origin of the musical style, it can be concluded that dangdut is a blend of Malay, Hindustan, and Arabic elements. Given that dangdut music is a combination of Arabic music elements, this can be seen from the crooked and harmonized tone.

11. Pop Music

Well, the next music genre is the pop music genre. Usually this pop music tone and lyrics tend to be simple, related to everyday life. Therefore, music of this genre is easier to digest and very easy to sing, even easy to memorize the lyrics. This genre has become a universal music genre because it is well accepted by people.

This genre of music is also known as the popular music genre and originated in its more modern form in Britain and the United States, since the mid-1950s. The limitation of this genre is that it refers to music that has extraordinary appeal, considering that the term this music genre is a popular music genre.

12. Ballad Music Genre

There is a ballad music genre, which is a type of music where the harmony of the song is slow and usually the themes used are romance.

Using poetic lyrics and using slow music. In particular, in the grouping of genres, ballads have special characteristics, namely poetry and melodious songs. This genre exists as a slow form of the popular love song.

Ballad music itself the term is taken from the English language, namely “ballad” which has the meaning of music in the form of a narrative. Began to be popular in the Middle Ages to the 19th century, then spread throughout Europe and then America, Australia and North Africa.

So, those are some types of music genres that exist in the world and Indonesia, along with examples of singers and songs. Each of these genres has its own style and characteristics, even the history of the formation of different musical genres. Slot Depo Dana

Getting to Know Music in The World of Health

The real benefits of music for health

There are many health benefits of music. The combination of rhythm and lyrics in music is known to improve the physical, mental, and emotional health of those who listen to it.

Music can indirectly affect a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior. This can be seen when you listen to music with soft rhythms and sad lyrics, you can get carried away and become sad too.

Likewise, when you listen to metal music, you will be more motivated and feel more energized. This influence makes music without us realizing it is beneficial for health.

Research shows that there are various health benefits of music, such as calming the mind, energizing the body, and managing pain. In addition, listening to soft music can also lower heart rate and blood pressure to facilitate breathing.

The following are some of the other health benefits of music

1. Improve mood

Music can affect a person’s mood or mood, so it is often used as a relaxation therapy. A study shows that listening to upbeat music can improve a person’s mood.

Therefore, music is usually used as a therapy to overcome health problems related to emotions. 

2. Reducing sleep disturbances that occur to you

If you have a disorder or are even said to have insomnia, then music can really be the answer to overcome it. By listening to music, especially music that sounds relaxed and slow, it will make us more relaxed or calm in resting.

Music also makes our brain performance calmer and seems to feel less active. Not only relaxing the brain, music can also make the body more relaxed. But keep in mind don’t listen to songs using a headset or earphones when you want to sleep.

3. Prevent seizures in people with epilepsy

Before experiencing a seizure, people with epilepsy will feel certain electrical currents in the brain. Well, listening to music such as classical music is thought to prevent the emergence of an electric current that triggers the seizure.

In addition, the benefits of music for people with epilepsy are also effective in reducing the frequency of seizures.

4. Make you calmer after doing health surgery

Surely we know that if we are going to carry out a process, especially medical surgery, of course, we ourselves will feel very anxious whether it will run smoothly or not.

By using music, we can better control our emotions and make ourselves calmer. However, not all music can make you calm after going to health surgery.

After medical surgery, music can also help reduce the pain from the surgery, in other words, our brains are diverted to other things than the pain itself.

5. Relieve stroke

Of course we already know that stroke is one of the most severe diseases when suffered in our bodies. of The body’s own functions can become unstable and even become paralyzed.

If you have had a stroke at several stages, then our nerves are getting weaker and weaker, therefore by listening to music you can help improve our nervous system slowly.

This has been proven in the past that stroke sufferers by listening to music can move some parts of their body slowly.

6. Overcoming stress

Another benefit of music is coping or managing stress. Research shows that people who listen to music recover faster from stress than those who don’t.

This is because listening to music will reduce the release of the hormone cortisol or stress hormone in the body. In addition, the benefits of music can also reduce symptoms of depression.

However, everyone’s taste in music can be different, so the benefits of music obtained need to be adjusted to the type of music they like.

However, listening to music alone is certainly not enough to maintain health. You still need to live a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced nutritious diet, getting enough rest, and exercising regularly.

Do not forget also to regularly check your health condition to the doctor.